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Archive for the ‘Martyres’ Category

Immortal Martyr Comrade Saroj Dutta

Posted by Indian Vanguard on October 1, 2007


Comrade Saroj Dutt, commonly known as comrade SD, is an important name in the history of Indian Communist movement. He was born in 1914 in a semi-landlord family of Jessore in East Bengal.

Comrade SD joined the Amrita Bazar Patrika, after completing his post graduation in English from University of Calcutta in early forties. Later he became a political whole-timer, and joined Swadhinata, the organ of the Bengal State Committee of the CPI. He was also the editor of the famous literary journal – Parichaye.

During his imprisonment in 1962, SD came in contact with Comrade Charu Majumdar. Being a staunch communist, he aired harsh criticisms against the Dangeite leadership and joined the CPI (M) after the split in 1964. When the CPI (M) leadership nakedly advocated Khrushchev’s line of class-collaboration, comrades SD, Sushital Roy Choudhuri, Asit Sen and others formed the Marxist-Leninist Institute, an anti revisionist study group. After the Naxalbari upsurge, he vehemently criticized the party leadership and was expelled.

Comrade SD was instrumental in the formation of the AICCR and the CPI (M-L). He became the editor of Deshabrati, the Bengali organ of the West Bengal State Committee of the CPI (M-L).

He relentlessly fought for the consolidation of comrade Charu Majumdar’s authority, and played an important role in intra-party debates.

From 1970 onwards, comrade SD became one of the most wanted persons in India. The police was always hunting for him like a hungry wolf. Finally, in the early hours of 5th August, 1971, he was secretly eliminated by the state machinery.

Comrade SD was the ideologue of the famous statue breaking movement, that rocked the urban life of Bengal in the early seventies.
His write-ups in “Patrikar Duniyaye” in Deshabrati are treated as rare gems in the treasury of Leftist Journalism.

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Comrade Vempatappu Satyanaryana

Posted by Indian Vanguard on October 1, 2007

A school teacher by profession, Comrade Vempatapu Satyanarayana (Satyam), joined the CPI (M-L) through the AICCCR. He became a member of the Central Organising Committee of the Party in 1969. Later, he joined the new central committee that was elected in the first (eighth) party congress. But in the same year comrade Satyam achieved an untimely martyrdom. It is a common belief among the Naxalist ranks, that he was killed in a fake encounter in Srikakulam. He was also the Secretary of the Srikakulam District Committee of the party. His small booklet on Srikakulam Peasant Upsurge is an important document for understanding the nature of naxalist influence in the early phases of 1969 and 1970. Comrade Satyam is a highly respected figure, not only in Andhra Pradesh, but in whole India.

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From the Foothills of Aravali to the Peaks ofEastern Ghats – Journey of Martyr Naveen

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 17, 2007

Volume 1, No. 2, April 2000

Silence !

Here sleeps my brother.

Don’t stand by him

With a pale face and a sad heart.

For, he is laughter !

Don’t cover his body with flowers,

What is the use of adding flowers to a flower ?

If you can,

Bury him in your heart.

You will find

At the twitterings of the bird of the heart,

Your sleeping soul has woken up.

If you can,

Shed some tears.

And –

All the blood of your body


(Written on the walls of a cell in Presidency Jail, Calcutta, probably by a student during the Naxalbari uprising)

Com.Naveen

It was a revolutionary transformation of an ordinary student, from an A.P. village, who came to the capital city with high ambitions, into a guerilla fighter of the People’s War. That was the transformation of Naveen into Balakrishna.

Starting his journey on the revolutionary path, amongst the low undulations of the Aravali, where the JNU (Jawaharlal Nehru University) is situated, Naveen graduated into M-L-M Thought, and within a decade reached the peaks of the Eastern Ghats at Darakonda, to lay down his life during a raid conducted by People’s War guerillas on a police camp on February 18, 2000. Though the raid was a major success, giving a large stock of weaponry, two revolutionaries laid down their lives.

Com. Naveen was born thirty-five years ago at a village in Krishna district in a middle peasant family. Due to deteriorating financial conditions his further studies were supported by a maternal uncle. He completed his graduation in Hyderabad and joined M.A. Sociology in Meerut University in 1984. In 1986 he came to the JNU, for his M.Phil course. In end 1988 he joined the Ph.D course at the JNU.

During his studies at Meerut, he got attracted towards Marxism and joined the SFI. But he was soon disillusioned by its politics and kept aloof from it, during his earlier stay at the JNU. In 1986, the Delhi Radical Students Organisation was formed. Naveen, by now, very critical of SFI politics, formed the Student’s Forum, which stood for the exposure of the SFI’s politics of compromise at the JNU. In 1988 he joined the DRSO. Though the earlier leadership got inactive, Naveen made it a force to reckon with at the JNU.

Those were the days when leftist ideology was declining in the JNU , which was known as a centre for the leftist student movement. Com. Naveen was a revolutionary students’ leader who aspired to rejuvenate radical ideology in the university. He put in untiring efforts to build an all India revolutionary student movement and made himself and his room the centre for the revolutionary student movement in Delhi. He not only took part in every student movement at the JNU, the DU(Delhi University) and other colleges but also participated in every programme and activity organised by ML parties and their Mass Organisations as a representative of the DRSO, and contributed to making these a success.

Naveen not only countered the neo-colonial theories of the earlier leaders and thereby defend the political line of the DRSO, he also actively supported the right of self-determination of the nationality struggles, bringing DRSO close to the students of Kashmir and the North-east. In 1989 when Delhi became the centre for the upper caste anti-Mandal mania, the DRSO swam against the tide, supporting reservations for the backward OBCs. When there were vacillations even amongst the revolutionary ranks, Naveen stood like a rock, patiently explaining the necessity for DRSO to support reservations, thereby drawing it closer to the oppressed sections.

The decade of the ’90s was the period when the CPI (ML) [PW] was creating a lasting impression on the revolutionaries in the various states and was making preparations for building a nation-wide revolutionary party. During this time, numerous revolutionaries from across the country, from Midnapore (Bengal) in the East, to the mountains of Terai region (UP) and Jammu & Kashmir in the North approached Com. Naveen for establishing contact with the Party. Com. Naveen always showed a keen interest, both, while receiving them with affection, and while informing the Party about them, after making a proper assessment of them. It was during this time that he decided to work as a professional revolutionary.

Since 1990, Naveen became a professional revolutionary. He left JNU in 1992 discontinuing his Ph.D course to join a law course at the Delhi University (DU) in 1993. In 1990 itself, he represented DRSO in the all-India student body, AIRSF, taking responsibility for editing the student magazine KALAM. By 1995, in a special party meeting of the Delhi Area, he was elected as an area committee member of the Delhi unit of the CPI (ML)[PW]. Naveen played an outstanding role at the International seminar on nationality struggles which was held in February ’96. The seminar, held under the auspices of the AIPRF played a key role in linking the class struggle with the nationality struggles, giving birth to the CCNDM – Coordination Committee of Struggles of Nationalities and Democratic Movements. This effort of Com. Naveen remains as a strong bridge between the revolutionary and nationality movements. As a part of this effort he clearly explained the process of emergence of class and revolutionary struggles in India to the representatives who came from different countries of the world. Particularly he accompanied the world famous intellectual, William Hinton, when he travelled to many places in India and helped him understand the movements going on in those places.

Many students from the North Eastern states, who were studying in DU and JNU and were influenced by the national liberation struggles in their states and were either directly or indirectly connected to those movements, have utilised Com. Naveen’s room at least once, in order to establish relations with the revolutionary students in Delhi. He would sit with them in some corner of the vast campus and discuss the various movements and share literature. For all those who were branded as separatists and kept under surveillance of the enemy, the first person to come to mind for seeking help was Com. Naveen. He not only developed a friendship with activists of the Naga, Assam, Manipur nationality movements in the North-eastern states and activists of Kashmir and Punjab in the North, he also participated in every activity organised by them at Delhi. Many recognised Com. Naveen as a representative of the People’s War Party and movement, and maintained affectionate relations with him.

In 1994-95, for the first time Naveen visited Balaghat district in order to understand the Adivasi movement in DK and the growth of Guerilla Zones. In April ’96 he went underground to become a staff member of SCOMA (Sub-Committee On Military Affairs). Inter alia, he began taking responsibility for ‘Jung’— — the party’s military organ. During 1997-98 he also visited the North-East many times, and once even visited their base camp and won the affection of the rank-and-file with his simple, role-model behaviour. In 1997 he was relieved from Delhi responsibilities, raised to DCM level and a staff member of the Central Committee.

With a good height, a pleasing personality, an affectionate behaviour, a microscopic analytical methodology, a role model living style, and with a continuous study of world literature for establishing socialism of which he dreamt, Com. Naveen always shared his knowledge with friends and tirelessly sought to win over intellectuals to the side of revolution. With all these qualities he was a role model for students and youth.

Com. Naveen was known for his simple living habits and forth rightness. He was always ready to make honest self-criticism without any petti-bourgeois hangovers … showing an eagerness and sincerity to rectify mistakes. He always stood for taking up things ‘critically’, not blindly. He stood for fighting against wrong ideas, come what may. He was for principled fight, without any liberalism. When the democratic rights organisation condemned “private violence” in 1990, he came out with a brilliant pamphlet criticising the wrong view. Com. Naveen was always floating new ideas, putting them in writing, for discussion in the proper forums. Com. Naveen was always for the unity of words and deeds, theory and practice. He was an intellectual, in the tradition of martyrs Christopher Caudwell, David Guest, who laid down their lives in the Spanish Civil War, or the gold medalist Chaganti Bhaskar Rao martyred in the forests of Srikakulam. Com. Naveen, now Com. Balakrishna blended his pen with the gun and laid down his precious life fighting a brutal enemy.

Red Salutes to Com. Naveen !

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Avenge Gruesome Murder of Student Leaders !

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 17, 2007

May-June 1999

On March 6, 1999 Comrade Ramesh (alias Veeraswamy), state president of the Andhra Pradesh Radical Students Union (APRSU) and Comrade Bhujanga Reddy (alias Praveen), state general secretary of the APRSU were arrested at Mantralayam, A.P., by officers of the special anti-Naxalite ‘Greyhounds’. They were brutally tortured and on the next day they were taken to a nearby forest and shot dead at point-blank range. Their bodies were dumped in neighbouring Mahaboobnagar district. The police gave out the standard story ‘killed in encounter’ and quietly disposed of the bodies in order to quash all evidence of torture.

Also arrested with them was Com. Jairamachandran, President of the All India Revolutionary Students Federation (AIRSF), to which the APRSU is affiliated. The three, were to attend a meeting to make preparations for the forthcoming APRSU state conference. As he hails from Tamil Nadu and was not an immediate part of the AP movement he was not killed. Yet, he was intensely interrogated for two days, and only after the murder of the other two comrades was over, he was dispatched to Tamil Nadu. Comrade Jayaramachandran is an eye-witness to the fact that Comrades Veeraswamy and Praveen were arrested and so could not have been killed in an ‘encounter’. After arrest the two AP comrades were separated from Jairamchandran. That was the last time they were seen alive. The newspapers on 8th announced that their bodies had been found near Chennampalli area of Mahaboobnagar district.

Comrade Veeraswamy was an M.A., M.Phil student of Central University Hyderabad. He was the only son of a poor dalit family, hailing from Kothulanaduma village of Karimnagar district. He had played an important role in building the movement in Hyderabad city. Comrade Praveen had studied B.Ed. and hailed from a poor family of Vargal village of Medak district. Upto now he is working in Anantapur district. Both were active in the movement since 1990 and have been professional revolutionaries since the last five years. Both had played a key role in building APRSU after the martyrdom of APRSU general secretary, Comrade Janardhan, in December ’98.

Such gruesome tortures and killings have become a daily occurance under the TDP regime of Chandrababu Naidu. In the last two decades never has the ruthlessness of the government reached such proportions. All human rights and civil liberties is conspicuous by its absence in AP. Emboldened by the encouragement and support of the fascistic BJP government at the centre, the TDP has increased its offensive in the last year.

With an active civil liberties movement, the APCLC has brought to light a large number of such incidents. There is no lack of evidence to convict the perpetrators of these crimes. But, no rule of law is followed, even their own constitution if flagrantly violated. No action is taken. On the contrary, this same Naidu, whose hands drips with the blood of hundreds of dedicated martyrs, is praised day-in and day-out by the media. Official human rights organisations ignore his crimes, and the imperialists shower him with money.

Such dedicated comrades as Veeraswamy and Praveen are a glaring contrast to the greedy, self-seeking, unscrupulous parliamentary politicians. However the martyrdom of such comrades will never go in vain. Loved and respected by the masses amongst whom they work; for their simplicity, honesty and dedication to the oppressed people and the revolutionary cause; five …… ten…. twenty close associate vow to take their place. The class hatred of the new recruits will be more intense, their dedication to carry forward the cause of their beloved martyrs, more firm. The movement grows …. not only in extent but also in depth. The Naidus, Advanis and the system they represent will be avenged by the growing tide of the revolutionary movement. ‘People’s March’ appeals to all democrats to build a vast movement against the fake encounter killings of hundreds of comrades… and bring to trial the perpetrators of these crimes.

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Red Salutes to Comrade Nirmal ! Red Salutes to Comrade Hareram Patel !! Avenge the murder of Com. Nirmal and Hareram Patel !!

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 17, 2007

Com.Nirmal

On 10th May 1999, Comrade Nirmal (alias Prakash), a state committee member of CPI (ML) [People’s War], Bihar was martyred in Upper Dumri village of Gumla district of Bihar in an encounter with the police. Another young and energetic comrade, Hareram Patel originally from Bilaspur, Madhya Pradesh was also martyred along with Comrade Nirmal. Hareram Patel had joined the squad two months back. The encounter took place when the police of Gumla and Ranchi PS, sent at the behest of Birla who owns bauxite mines in the region, who had been chasing the squad of CPI (ML) [People’s War] managed to block all the escape routes from this village in the early hours of 10th morning and subsequently surrounded the village and began firing indiscriminately. There was no option other than to accept martyrdom for Com. Nirmal and Com. Hareram Patel. Three squad members were arrested as well.

Nirmal or Prakash as he was popularly known in Bihar comes from a middle class business family of Shahadra area in Delhi. His actual name was Sunil. Small built, bespectacled, 31-year old Sunil with an infectious energy, wide grin and loud laugh was an extremely bright student. He completed B.Com Hons. from Shyamlal College of Delhi University and achieved 6th position in the university. He had just completed LLB, when inspired by the revolutionary peasant movement of Bihar being led by the CPI (ML) (PU), he shifted to Bihar in 1992. His affiliation with CPI (ML) (PU) started in Delhi itself in 1989. Even prior to that, Sunil along with a small group of friends in Shahadra had formed and was active in an organisation called ‘Shoshan Virudh Prachar Samiti (Shovipras)’. With a pro-people idealist outlook, this organisation propagated Bhagat Singh’s ideology amongst the students and youth of the lower middle class colonies of Shahadra, Delhi. As part of this organisation Sunil had also started going to some villages in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh.

In 1989, when members of ‘Shovipras’ came in contact with CPI (ML) (PU), the main leader resisted affiliating with the Party. However, defying him, it was under Sunil’s leadership that the batch of activists of ‘Shovipras’ decided to affiliate themselves with the Party and to work under its discipline. There after Sunil became the founder member of the youth organisation, Bharat Naujawan Sangh (BNS) which was formed in Delhi in 1989. And with this began Sunil’s short but consistent journey towards achieving the goal of Indian revolution and the idealist outlook gradually matured into a Marxist understanding of society and history. Sunil also became a member of the leading committee of CPI (ML)(PU) in Delhi. Subsequently he played an extremely important role in establishing the work of PU in Delhi and especially in firmly establishing BNS as a militant organisation in the trans-Yamuna area of Delhi. After participating in a village campaign in the drought stricken areas of Bihar, very soon Sunil decided to commit himself even more directly for the revolutionary peasant movement of Bihar and was transferred from Delhi in 1992.

Sunil was also an ordinary person with ordinary feelings, fears, doubts, desires, weaknesses, uncertainties. But what was extraordinary was that Sunil had decided not to accept a humdrum existence. What was extraordinary was his determination and boundless energy and his concern for the oppressed masses. Sunil was a person in whom ‘consciousness determines the being’ was personified. At every step, he fought against himself and changed himself to be able to contribute more and more to the just struggle of the toiling people so as they can live a life of dignity. Once he understood the course of history; understood that those unnamed masses who have been carrying the society on their shoulders for years upon years, ought to be the actual rulers of this society; Sunil developed himself in every possible way to be able to be part of the struggle for a new society. The small-built boy whose friends were amused at his lack of ‘athletic skills’ consciously developed himself and went ahead to assume the leadership of military affairs of the armed peasant movement of Bihar.

Sunil also like most people was not born without fear. But he fought his fears at every step and starting from the position of a political commissar of a squad in Koel-Kaimur region of Bihar, went on to lead most of the daring military actions against feudal reactionaries and the Bihar police. And he was always at the forefront — he was a leader in an actual, practical sense. As a consequence, his name had become a terror for the reactionaries and the police of the region.

Sunil or Nirmal played a very important role in developing the armed peasant movement in Bihar especially in the Koel-Kaimur region. When he came to work in this region of Bihar, the organisational situation there was extremely grave with most of the leading activists being arrested. Nirmal not only stayed on in these difficult circumstances but also helped to stabilise the situation to a large extent. His contribution was particularly evident in building the movement in Garwah district. From 1995 onwards, he worked as a state committee member of the CPI (ML) (PU). He participated in a military training camp in 1994 and developed himself as a military instructor and played a leading role in subsequent training camps. He was already part of the Bihar state level sub-committee on military affairs and after the merger of CPI (ML) (PU) and CPI (ML) (PW) in August 1998, he became a member of the central level sub-committee of military affairs (SCOMA). He was also a member of the editorial board of the military affairs magazine, ‘Jung’, and a few weeks prior to his death, he was busy with bringing out an issue of this magazine.

The weight of organisational responsibilities or the problems of the movement did not ever make Comrade Nirmal brusque or bureaucratic. With his unflinching loyalty to the masses and the Party and deep conviction in the revolutionary cause, he was concerned with newer and newer ways of developing the organisation further. Disciplined, energetic and intelligent, Nirmal was also extremely popular both among the cadres and the people. He wasn’t merely a leader but also a friend to most of the cadres. He was also very alive to the situation and conditions of the people. He understood the patriarchal chains that the feudal society of Bihar subjects women to and consciously tried to make space for women activists in his area. Com. Nirmal was also very forthright about whatever he considered to be correct and fought against various weaknesses within the organisation.

It is difficult to imagine the armed revolutionary peasant movement of Bihar without Comrade Nirmal. The sudden martyrdom of Com. Nirmal has left a vacuum which cannot easily be filled. It is a great loss to the revolutionary movement not only in Bihar but in the entire country. But the movement must go on…. and history shall avenge the murder of Com. Nirmal and countless others who have given up their lives for building a new society, free of exploitation, free of oppression, where those who sweat shall live without fear and with dignity and self-respect and become the masters of their own destiny.

People’s March pays its red homage to these proud sons of the Indian working class who had laid down their lives for the cause of the ongoing New Democratic Revolution and for a Communist Society.

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Comrade Bhaskar : A Creative Revolutionary Intellectual of Exemplary Courage

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 17, 2007

uly-August 1999
On April 16, at 7-00 P.M., Vishakhapatnam City Committee Secretary, Comrade Madhu (Akella Bhaskar Rao), was shot dead near Vishakha airport by the SIB (Special Intelligence Bureau) police on the road itself. The police as usual concocted the story of an encounter. Vishakhapatnam is a centre of the enemy forces to suppress the armed agrarian movement led by the CPI (ML) [People’s War] in East division. The SIB police spending vast sums of money for maintaining ex-militants as informers are sending them to work inside the mass organisations with the aim of capturing the organisers. Already many activists and leaders of the People’s War were killed in fake encounters to make Hyderabad city a safe zone for the enemy. Recently the police killed Comrade Praveen and Veeraswamy by arresting them at Mantralayam. In view of Vishakha city getting the next prominence after Hyderabad, and the tours of many ministers and high officials is going on there and in addition the rural, agency area of North Andhra is unfavourable to the enemy, they are paying special attention on suppressing the Vishakha city as part of suppressing the movement in the East region.

Known as Comrade Madhu, Deepak, Jaipal among the oppressed masses of Vishakha, Comrade Bhaskar was born in a middle class Dalit family in Chirala town of Prakasam district. From his very childhood, he experienced untouchability and caste discrimination. He integrated with the revolutionary student movement with the firm conviction that it was the only real path to liberate the toiling masses. He played a prominent role to develop the student movement in the coastal region of AP by participating actively in the RSU movement when he was studying at Nagarjuna University. Known as ‘University Bhaskar’ to the general students itself, he mingled with all the students and taught revolutionary politics easily. He countered the pro-ruling class goonda students’ attacks on the Radical students movement and strengthened RSU in the Nagarjuna University. He was elected as state EC member of RSU and took up the responsibility of developing the student movement in the South Coastal region. After completing M.A., he worked as a lecturer in the Chirala region for some time. After that he joined the journalism course in Andhra University and started to build RSU.He stayed at Nagarjuna hostel in Vishakhapatnam and rectified the wrong trends which were developing among the Dalit students and tried to mould them to participate in the Radical Students movement. He built the RSU in Vishakhapatnam city as well as in Rushikonda Engineering College. He participated and led the students in the pro-reservation movement as well as bundhs which were going on at that time. He became a professional revolutionary in 1990 and took up responsibility as the student organiser of Vishakha city. He led the volunteers ensuring the successful completion of the Rytu Coolie Sangam Conference at Warangal.

Unable to function legally in view of the enemy’s serious following, he started UG life from January 1991. He became a member of the Vishakha City Committee in July 1992. He relentlessly tried to build the women students’ movement in Andhra University. On the hostel issues, teaching problems and against student goondagiri, he guided and led and built a strong women student movement in Andhra University. He extensively organised dalit students on the demand of enlisting dalit christians into the SC list and mobilised other sections of people in the city for its support. He had taken the responsibilities of City Secretary at the Vishakha city Party Conference held in the beginning of 1996. Afterwards he studied the working class and trade union movement and taught revolutionary politics to workers. He put enormous effort to strengthen women, literary, civil liberties movements in Vishakha city.

Ever cheerful and creating an enthusiastic atmosphere, he was a dear comrade to every one. Even after the martyrdom of his life-partner Comrade Savithri last year, he continued his work in a spirited manner. He was a good teacher who could teach very easily for the cadre on any issue however complex it may be. He observed the changes that were taking place in the dalit movement and was always eager to mould them into the revolutionary movement. The martyrdom of Comrade Bhaskar who acquired valuable experiences in his 15 years of revolutionary life is great loss to the revolutionary movement particularly the movement in Vishakha. It is a loss that cannot be easily filled up. People’s March pays its red homage to this comrade and takes inspiration from his indefatigable energy, exemplary courage and unceasing creativity that are to be imbibed by every revolutionary intellectual.

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Belli Lalitha’s Murder :Covert War by a Coward Government

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 17, 2007


The gruesome murder of Belli Lalitha, a popular singer and a leader of Telangana Kala Samithi, on May 26, 1999, is part of the covert war unleashed by the hi-tech police state of AP headed by the World Bank stooge Chandrababu Naidu against the revolutionaries and their sympathisers. Earlier, murders of some leaders and activists of the party were organised by sending infiltrators into the squads here and there. Some of the leaders of open mass movements were attacked by hired assassins as seen in the case of the attack on Com. Gaddar two years ago. Today, the police is hiring its assassins even from those inside the jails.


The modus operandi is simple :select a weak element from among the imprisoned revolutionaries and lure him with the promise of freedom if he agrees to do as dictated by the police. In the case of Lalitha, the agent selected for conducting the operation was one Nayeemuddin who was involved in the annihilation of a police officer six years ago. To buy his freedom he was asked to organise the murder of a top leader of Nalgonda district of the CPI (ML) [People’s War] through his brothers outside. These two brothers were already notorious for killing two people in the past one year : one was Eedanna, husband of an ex-PW squad member Hussain Bee and the other was one Balraj. In both cases the bodies were cut into pieces after the murder to create terror among the sympathisers of the revolutionaries as well as mass leaders. Comrade Lalitha is the third victim in a row in a single year committed by the very same mercenary gang employed by the Home Minister Madhava Reddy.

In all the three incidents that took place, the victims belonged to Bhongir in Nalgonda district of South Telangana which falls in the constituency of the Home Minister. It has now come to be accepted by the people of Nalgonda as well as by those of the entire state that these murders were committed at the direction of the goonda Home Minister as part of his covert war against the CPI (ML) [People’s War].

The latest murder had sent shock waves among the democratic and progressive sections of the people in the state. The sheer brutality of the incident is horrifying and indicates the depths of sadism and the beastiality of the rulers hiding behind hi-tech jargon. Comrade Lalitha was first kidnapped on May 26, her body was cut into 17 pieces and strewn into different wells. From day one, the police top brass and ruling TDP ministers tried by all means at their disposal to mislead the people by floating one story after another : initially, they denied that the body parts found in the wells were Lalitha’s; they then floated another story that she might have gone to areas of armed struggle led by the PW; what was even worse, they fabricated a story that she had run away from home, frustrated and shocked, by the betrayal of a district leader of PW; and so on and so forth. They even forged a letter purported to have been written by her to the newspapers which stated that the leader of PW who is a district committee member of Nalgonda, had physical relations with her and promised to marry her but had ultimately gone back on his word, charging her with having AIDS and that hence she had run away unable to bear the stigma.

What is most disturbing and horrifying is the audacity with which the rulers in AP floated such a story to malign a woman, that too after she was dead. True to their male-chauvinist nature, the police officials and the Home Minister thought that by projecting a woman as having illicit relations with other men, the murderers could gain legitimacy for the murder and be exonerated from the crime.One is astonished by the crudeness of the hi-tech rulers who forged a letter in the name of Lalitha after they themselves had killed her in order to malign her and the leaders of PW. When an enterprising news reporter compared the hand writing in the letter with another of hers and declared that it was a case of forgery, the police too had to admit at last that she was murdered. As protests began to gather momentum and demands for the resignation of the Home minister and for a Judicial enquiry into the incident were put forth, the police had to beat a hasty retreat and arrest the two brothers of Nayeemuddin since their role in the murder had become crystal-clear by then. The arrests were meant only to appease the people. Earlier.these murderers were let off within days after killing Eedanna and Balraj. The AP government has a notorious record of encouraging the killing of revolutionaries and holding press conferences along with those very killers and even giving cash rewards and jobs in the police department.

Why was Lalitha murdered so gruesomely in the first place ? To understand this, one has to understand the political situation in the state of AP. The government of Chandra Babu Naidu is in deep crisis. It has been implementing every instruction of the World Bank and the various imperialist countries most loyally. In his four-year tenure as a Chief minister of AP, Naidu fulfilled most of the targets placed before him by the imperialists and received a big pat on his back for measures such as: lifting of prohibition, increasing the water cess and power tariff for the peasants; scrapping or slashing of subsidies such as the Rs. 2-a-kilo-rice scheme etc. The wrath of the people has been rising in the past four years against these policies of the state government. It is during Chandrababu Naidu’s regime that over 300 peasants committed suicides due to low crop yields and unremunerative prices for their produce. The working class too is seething with unrest due to the closure of some PSUs under the control of the AP state government and the threatened closure or privatisation of several other industries. And, most important of all, the “law and order” demanded by the World Bank was sought to be established by murdering around 300 people associated with the revolutionary movement in just one year, 1998.

Besides, with the influence of the revolutionary movement that has been raging for the last two decades and more, several sectional movements have come to the fore. Despite the re-imposition of a ban on the PW and its mass organisations in July 96, people are coming into the streets under different banners in a big way and are also forming broad joint action committees against the anti-people policies pursued by the TDP government. A movement for separate Telangana has come onto the people’s agenda. And with it the government too took up its own agenda of crushing all opposition. A student workshop organised by the Telangana Students Front (TSF) was attacked by ABVP-RSS goondas along with the police in civil uniform. Massive repression has also been let loose on those demanding a separate Telangana.

Lalitha became a target as she became a popular mass leader in the Home minister’s constituency. As a co-convenor of the Telangana Kala Samithi, an organisation that is affiliated to the Telangana Jana Sabha which is spear-heading the movement for a separate Telangana, she had become an eyesore for the rulers especially for the Home minister. She was also a leader of ‘Dol Debba’- an association of Yadavas. She was actively involved in organising the workers in a textile mill in which she herself worked. She propagated the demand of separate Telangana through her cultural performances and acquired popularity among the masses throughout South Telangana. It is this growing popularity of Lalitha that earned the wrath of the rulers. Elimination of leaders was an essential component of their strategy to suppress the movement.

As police arrests would lead to massive protests from the people and place the government in an adverse situation, it chose to engage such assassins to murder the leaders and activists of the mass movement. Assaults by murderous gangs, the ruling classes assumes, will create terror among the leaders and thereby weaken the movements. By committing such a ghastly murder as that of Lalitha, the state aims at keeping the intellectuals and others away from the movement. Anyone associated in any manner with PW or engaged in militant movements against the government would be eliminated — such is the message the government wants to send to those who are engaged in building mass movements.

For, has not Naidu assured the World Bank of maintaining Law and Order in AP so that imperialist capital may flow freely into the state ? Starting from the secret document entitled ‘Andhra Pradesh : Agenda for Economic Reforms’ prepared by the World Bank in September 96 (incidentally coming within 2 months after the re-imposition of the ban on PW) to Vision-2020, the AP government has been goaded on continuously by the World Bank to ensure peace and stability even if it be the peace of the grave-yard. While huge police and para military forces are engaged in the operations against the CPI (ML)[PW] and its armed squads, the Naidu government is not sure of achieving stability and peace. Those who question the privatisation, liberalisation and other policies of the government, and those who aspire for people’s political power should be eliminated. By murdering Lalitha, that too in the most bizarre manner the government wants to create terror and silence all such leaders.

The AP state government is maintaining private armed gangs for this purpose such as the Black Tigers, the Green Tigers, the Kranti Sena and so on. All these outfits created by the police often issue press statements threatening those who associate themselves with the revolutionaries, destroy the houses and property of the activists involved in the movement and conduct attacks as directed by the police. These gangs move with license to loot and kill at will; they are given arms and rewards whenever they eliminate important cadres of the PW.

Lalitha’s murder, instead of creating terror among those who oppose the imperialist-dictated polices and moves of the TDP government, has infact, further united the various scattered forces galvanizing them into a mighty force.Thousands converged at a rally in Bhongir to protest against the killing. The wave of protests that have been sparked off due to the brutal murder of Belli Lalitha are bound to assume the form of a torrent to wash away the sadist, fascist government of Naidu’s TDP that is acting as a stooge of the World Bank in AP.

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Heroic Martyrs of the India’s Revolution ( Random Images )

Posted by Indian Vanguard on August 3, 2007

Courtesy: Naxal Revoluton

Heroic Martyrs of the India’s Revolution ( Random Images )

Com Charu Mazumdhar

Com. Vempatapu Sathyam
10-7-1970



Com. Panchadi Nirmala
22-12-1969



Com. Panchadi Krisha Murthy
27-5-1969



Puli Anjanna (Sagar) APSCS
October 1993

Com. Saroj Dutta
5-8-1971



Hari Bhushan
16-4-83

Swarupa (Jyothi)
Seernaplli 5-2-92


Kongala Sudhakar Reddy

Muralidhara Raju
8-6-86

I.V. Sambasiva Rao (Master), CCM
28 Feb. 1997

Seetha (Nagulakonda)

Chintala Venkata Swamy
(Suryam) APSCM
29-9-1994


Sneha Latha
1-1974


Madhava Reddy
DCM (KNR)

Gaddar at a Martyrs column

Naxalbari Lal Salaam !

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